Urban village prototype
In the next decade, Hanoi and its regions are on the way to becoming the next mega-city of Southeast Asia. Despite the economic growth and perspective of future development, the metropolitan city of Hanoi is suffering multiple issued; overpopulation, the rural-urban divide due is the outcome of an urban-centric, the disappearance of crafts villages due to urbanization, food security due to agricultural land speculation, environmental disaster due to a political lullaby and the lack of trust and human rights as a direct consequence of a political corruption. the project attempts to reverse migration from rural areas to the city, uplift living standards in rural areas, and safeguard farmland from further speculative developments. Vietnam's peri-urbanization should not be mistaken for the suburbanization of the US nor the transformation of rural areas into dense urbanized cores, a transformation driven primarily by a glut of speculative housing. Beyond upgrading basic infrastructure and sanitation, the challenge in rural urbanization is to imagine a self-sufficient place that can support a dynamic economy, provide cultural and intellectual stimulation, and offer a respite from inequalities and divisions that plague the developmental city. In other words, the city in the countryside must be conceived as a space of equal and plural coexistence, one that oscillates between the polarities: carefree and restrained, natural and constructed, peasant and urban worker.
It is a question of thinking about the growth of the city of Hanoi and its territory differently with the Western peri-urban model and the opportunistic governmental scheme. As the metropolitan territory of Hanoi is subject to multiple hazards, two main objectives are to be met:
to preserve a reliable food resource and social solidarity, both of which are undermined by the application of models detached from respect for the soil and social connection.
The project intends to meet the inevitable growth of the Hanoi metropolis, as well as the preservation of soil and agricultural capacity.: to preserve a reliable food resource to supply the urban market and keep developing the metropolitan. The project intends to cope with the inevitable growth of the Hanoi metropolis, as well as the preservation of soil and agricultural. From a political point of view, & Lang; Will be a hypothesis of spatial realization of a civil society platform. The project aims to create a prototype of a cluster of urban villages by reusing the organization “peer to peer”.
The program consists of new housing for 10,000 inhabitants and equipment for 60,000 people (existing villages and the new agglomeration zone). & Lang; is composed mainly of three urban components
The patrimonial itinerary within the existing villages (the armature)
The revitalized industrial zone (the archipelago)
The mix used linear extension of existing villages (the skeleton) It consists mainly of three components:
The Armature: The series of interventions follows an arc by connecting the hearts of existing villages. By exploiting empty spaces in the villages, the project intends to reuse them as commonplaces among the villagers. These are shared workshops, storage, collective workspaces, thus it will promote exchanges between these villages in terms of know-how, the share of raw materials and strengthen rural identity while developing tourism.
The Archipelago: Underutilized land and land on which the State has carried out mono-functional projects will be redesigned as a mixed zone. This area will combine housing, utilities, shared infrastructure that support the cluster of villages, appropriate existing industrial shelters to transform into agro-food workshops, establish an export center, a local market, an organic producer waste treatment center Energy resources, resting places, agricultural, artisanal cooperatives, collective housing, and tourist services.
The skeleton is a linear housing block which placed in the middle of agricultural lands. These bands of houses link the villages, They will welcome the residential growth of each village as well as the city of Hanoi. This device wants to restore proximity between producers and consumers, a tool to restore the notion of trust, common good. Vietnamese learned long ago to live and work together. Their **sense of community** was enhanced by the communal place that dominated social life in every village. Sharing is the core value of Vietnamese culture. Not so in the hectic, self-absorbed Vietnam of today, where communal life is shunned in favor of "personal space" and few people care about nature and landscape. With more and more agricultural land being replaced by shopping malls and tall towers, urban development leaves little room for the gentle conviviality. Walls will be erected and the people will become more isolated from each other. People are beginning to live alone in Vietnam, some are getting richer and some poorer. The increasing isolation can be dangerous. Hanoi needs more public places. &Lang ; is against the generic developments in Hanoi, where the streets are lifeless and there is no sense of community.
Rather than offering the high-rise buildings which break the horizontal skyline of the village, &Lang ; was conceived in order to bring back the " old-fashion" style of living by creating the **community living module**. Each module consists of 5 **houses-workshop** and their **common/public spaces**. This common places function as the typical communal houses where the villagers gather around, having the divers **common activities**.
Secondly, the circuit of food from the producer to the consumer is more and more enlarged. In contemporary times, the development of the city of Hanoi raises the problem of establishing a regular supply from the producer to the consumer. the circuit depends on the various intermediate actors. ⟪ is a new tool to facilitate the exchanges between the consumer and the producer by creating a circuit is more or less short in a village, the proximity allows to have an exchange easier, assured and restore the notion of trust in the society.
Master plan of Greater Hanoi in 2030
The urban development of Hanoi led to a spreading of the city to the west, especially along the main transport routes. The city has gradually absorbed the clusters of craft villages in the peri-urban areas and their agricultural areas, which now constitute neighborhoods of the capital. The social structure of the craft village cluster is under the threat of in-situ peri-urbanization.
Agricultural activities in North Tu Liem